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FACT FILE: TANZANIA


information fact file



CAPITALS

Administrative Capital: Dodoma

Commercial Capital: Dar es Salaam


POPULATION

42,746,620 (July 2011 est.)


CLIMATE

North East Tanzania (Northern Safari Circuit) is the richest wildlife safari area all of East Africa or probably in Africa. With varied geographical features like Kilimanjaro and Meru mountains, Lake Victoria and the Great Rift Valley which contains many large and ecologically significant wildlife parks and reserves such as the famous Ngorongoro Crater, Serengeti National Park, Lake Manyara and Tarangire. It offers an array of safari options, from mountain trekking and hiking, game viewing safari in the national parks, walking excursions and cultural/tribal tours to various villages.

Tanzania’s climate is predominately tropical. Coastal areas are usually hot and humid, but on the beaches a sea breeze cools the air considerably. The average day temperature is 30°C. Tanzania / Zanzibar has two rainy seasons – the long rains from late March to June and the short rains from November to January. The long rains fall in heavy downpours, often accompanied by violent storms, but the short rains tend to be much less severe. The hottest time of the year is from December to March, before the long rains begin. The coolest months are June, July and August, when the weather is often overcast. In high-altitude areas such as Kilimanjaro and the Ngorongoro Highlands, temperatures can fall below freezing.


ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

One needs a valid passport. Most visitors to Tanzania require a visa to enter the country. Three-month single-entry tourist visas are available at Tanzanian embassies in your country, prices are subject to nationality. Contact your local embassy or visit www.tanzaniatouristboard.com for further details.


AIRPORT TAX

Departure tax from Tanzania and Zanzibar is included in the price of your ticket, whether flying on domestic or international flights.


OFFICIAL LANGUAGES

Kiswahili and English.


CURRENCY

The Tanzania Shilling (Tsh or TZS), divided into 100 cents, is the national currency.


BANKING

Banks and bureau de change are available at airports and in all major towns. Banking hours are from Monday to Friday, 8:30 am to 3:00 pm, and Saturdays, 8:30 am to 1:30 pm. A few branches in the major towns are open until 4:00 pm. Please note that banks are closed on Sundays.


Credit Cards and Travellers’ Cheques

Credit cards (Access, MasterCard, Visa, American Express, and Eurocard) are accepted only at major lodges, hotels, and travel agents. A surcharge may be added for this service. ATMs and 24-hour cash machines are available in branches of major banks. Travellers’ cheques in pounds sterling or US dollars are recommended, though it may be difficult to exchange them outside the main cities.


TIME

Local time is GMT + 3hrs.


Electric Current

220 volts AC50Hz.